Inflammation of gums and supporting dental structures is one of the most common diseases seen in humans. Commonly known as ‘Gum disease’, the disease is caused by bacteria, leading to local inflammation, redness, swelling and bleeding of the gums.
Even though swelling is your body’s natural defence mechanism, it can cause serious damages if left unchecked and untreated. In worst cases, the inflammation can spread below the gums and along the roots of the teeth destroying the periodontal ligament and bones that support the dentures, leading to teeth loss.
If you have inflamed gums, it’s important to understand more about gum diseases and consult you periodontist in Dubai at the earliest. This article will help you understand periodontitis (gum diseases) better.
What causes gum diseases?
Normally, your mouth hosts hundreds of bacteria which are harmful to you only when the conditions are right for them to increase. They multiply when your mouth is unclean, with a layer of food particles called plaque.
When plaque builds up and is left undisturbed on your teeth, the periodontal bacteria thrive and multiply, producing by-products that are harmful to your body. This is what triggers the defence response, which leads to gum inflammation. As the condition progresses, chronic inflammation can cause bone loss and teeth loss.
The gum disease which begins with the inflammatory response is called gingivitis. One of the most common symptoms of this condition is bleeding gums. As the condition worsens, your gums will show a discolouration due to the bacterial plaque on the teeth.
Gingivitis can progress to periodontics, where spontaneous bleedings, bad breaths and change in the position of teeth occur. The teeth also lengthen due to gum recession, which can be quite painful.
The severity of periodontics depends upon the type and concentration of the bacteria present. There are also some risk factors involved, which can cause aggravation of the condition.
Risk factors for periodontitis
The common risk factors told by periodontists are –
Of these, smoking is the most common risk factor for the gum diseases, as in 90% of the untreatable cases, the patients are smokers.
In the starting stages, your orthodontist will ask you to follow better oral hygiene practice. You will be referred to a hygienist, who gives the right advice on how to use various cleaning aids like dental floss and interdental brushes.
Sometimes, a professional cleaning might be required, where all the soft deposits are removed from the teeth and the teeth are treated with fluoride. Your hygienist will remove all the bacterial deposits and tartar from the root surfaces.
In extreme cases, an antibiotic is prescribed to deal with the spreading gum infection. For individuals who lost their teeth or bone structure, corrective surgical treatments available.
In case the condition has lead to loss of teeth, the patient will have to opt for dental implants to correct the issue. However, as mentioned before, the healing process doesn’t work well with regular cigarette smokers.
Although a common condition, the inflammation isn’t inevitable. But the development of gingivitis or periodontitis is kept at bay through good oral hygiene and regular professional examinations by your periodontist in Dubai.